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College of Arts & Sciences

PH.D. Program

A bachelor’s degree is a prerequisite. A master’s of science is not required to apply as a Ph.D. student.

M.S. Degree Program

A bachelor’s degree is a prerequisite. Many applicants have a degree in meteorology, but many degree specializations are appropriate depending upon a student's interests.


The prerequisites are 12 hours total of calculus or engineering math and differential equations, and 8 hours total of chemistry and physics for engineering or physical sciences.

Grade Point Average (GPA)

There is no minimum GPA to be considered as an applicant, but most incoming students have GPAs well above 3.00.

Graduate Record Examination (GRE)

No GRE scores are required to apply.

Letters of Recommendation

Three letters of recommendation are required. The recommendation letters are important. Choose recommenders who can adequately and fairly assess your potential, both as a student and a researcher.

English Language Proficiency

An international graduate student whose native language is not English must fulfill an English proficiency requirement through either English Proficiency Verification or English Language Certification. The most common forms of fulfilling this requirement are a TOEFL score of at least 80, a IELTS score of at least 6.0, a GRE Verbal Reasoning score of at least 146, a Bachelor’s degree following four years of study at an accredited U.S. institution (for a complete list, see Most incoming international students have a score much higher than the University required minimum. As a reference point, a typical incoming student has a TOEFL score higher than 100.

Anita Rapp

  • Associate Professor
  • Graduate Committee Chair
Anita Rapp